Redefining Cold Dark Matter

Ikerbasque researcher Tom Broadhurst along with other scientists explored cold dark matter thoroughly, in order to find new answers regarding universe structure and galaxy formation. The report has been published in Nature Physics, as per data obtained by Hubble space telescope.

In fact, cold dark is a form of matter that revolves very slowly when compared to light, and it interacts inadequately with electromagnetic radiation. Only a fraction forms baryonic matter that creates living organisms, planets, and stars; remaining 80% is energy and dark matter.

Dark matter is not defined just considered as a theory, explaining how the universe was created from original state to the distribution of clusters and galaxies on larger scale. About 3 to 4 decades ago, black holes emerged and the story has been completely changed and the same is happening here with dark matter. There were so many theories and researches done on this matter, but none of them offered satisfactory explanation; however, this study by Broadhurst sheds new light.

Tom Broadhurst stated that “guided by the initial simulations of the formation of galaxies in this context, we have reinterpreted cold dark matter as a Bose-Einstein condensate. The ultra-light bosons forming the condensate share the same quantum wave function, so disturbance patterns are formed on astronomic scales in the form of large-scale waves.”

The theory hints that galaxies should take center stage, known as solitons that answers the puzzling cores of dwarf galaxies. The report says that galaxies happen to be quite late over standard atoms dark matter. Making use of Hubble space telescope, new data has been pulled, said the team.

The data shows that dark matter is very similar to cold quantum fluid, which controls the development of the structure over whole globe. It’s possibly the first research after Big Bang to know about the first galaxies.

Tom Broadhurst, the PhD scholar from Durham University, UK, joined Ikerbasque, following his stints at top research organizations in Taiwan, Japan, Israel, Germany, US, and UK.  He has contributed to nearly 184 papers so far and all are published in leading journals and have got 11,800 citations. He joined Ikerbasque in 2010 as a chief in UPV‘s Theoretical Physics department. He mainly focuses on formation of galaxies, dark matter, and observational cosmology. Yet many things need to be sorted, as the team is busy comparing the forecasts with Hubble space telescope’ data.

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